Groundations

NYABINGHI ANCIENT COUNCIL – COUP OR MUTINY?

NYABINGHI ANCIENT COUNCIL – COUP OR MUTINY?

solomon

TOUCH NOT THE LORD ANOINTED, NOR DO HIS PROPHETS HARM

“Jah standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judges amongst the gods. 
How long will you judge unjustly and show partiality to the wicked? Selah. 
Defend the poor and fatherless, do justice to the afflicted and needy. 
Deliver the poor and needy; free them from the hands of the wicked. 
They do not know the Almighty Jah Rastafari, neither do they iverstand, they walk about in darkness; all the foundations of the earth are unstable. 
InI i have said, you are Rasses and all of you are children of the Most High Jah Rastafari. 
But you shall die like men and fall like one of the princes. 
Arise O’ Jah Rastafari; judge the earth, for thou shall inherit all nations .Selah. Psalm 82

A ‘MUTINY’ OR A ‘COUP’?

‘He who would be a leader must pay the price of self –discipline and moral restraint. This entails the correction and improvement of his personal character, the checking of passions and desires and an exemplary control of one’s bodily needs and desires.’ ‘Q’damawi Haile Selassie.

Among the general code of the Rastafari Code of Conduct is said that InI said that InI should: “Abide by the laws and teachings of H.I.M Emperor Haile Selassie I, the principles and practices of The Elders, Patriarchs and Matriarchs and the laws of Nature written in the hearts of human kind.

In these times of trials and tribulation nothing will come easy; even the righteous will be tempted, even friend will become enemy, even those loyal to the throne room will break ranks for crumbs on the table. What Woe in a Babylon! What a Woe!

It was not expected that in the house of Jah Rastafari there would be a mutiny, or some would prefer the word ‘coup’. Such is the reality that InI now face; when you rise up against your own Constitution or guide lines, it is treason at all levels.

2dkhfd2NYABINGHI ANCIENT PRIESTHOOD – GUIDELINES
The Nyah Binghi Guidelines clearly state in the section “The Priesthood” which consists of seven administrating Priests including the High Priest that:
“The Priesthood is looked upon for wise decisions and council and is key representative of the Nyah Binghi order. The signature from the priesthood is required on all communication sent out from the house.”
The section Council of Elders states that:
“The Council of Elders consists of elder brethrens of the house who have maintained the livity of Rastafari over a number of years. Their decision is always required and where there are differences of opinion, the Council is called upon to make a ruling. The Council of Elders functions as guardians of the movement and are treated with great respect.
Now concerning the Priest, the Feta Negus states that:
“No one shall think evil of a priest. No one except his superior shall judge him according to the cannon law. As regard such priest, the scribes and the Pharisees and all things thereof, whatsoever they shall do to you or seek to do, observe and move but you shall not do according to their work. A person who judges him, if he live an excellent life, he will exercise care according to the word of our Lord who said: Judge not that you may not be judged—–“

The High Priest Ancient George Ions has made a collective decision within the Priesthood and the Council of Ancients, regarding Sizzla Kalonji:
*   As the safe keeper of the Nyah Binghi stamp and seal until the office building on the Scotts Nyah Binghi grounds is completed;
*   As “President, Theocracy, Reign Order of the Nyah Binghi and the Movement” for the Repatriation black people to Africa;
*   Ancient Bongo Tawney now an ancestor and former chair of the Council of Ancients had appointed Sizzla Kalonji as the treasurer of the Ancient Council.

Is the wise mind of InI Ancients no longer valid? This is a dilemma for many,, while for some it will be a time for reflection. The more vocal among the Rasses are now commanding media attention and will find themselves into a firestorm of words, thus for every action there is a equal and opposite reaction.

sizzlaRASTAFARI CALLS ON THE YOUTH
Many are now up in arms and saying this and that. All these Rastafari intellects who should have known better have abandoned the 22 resolutions of the Rastafari International theocracy Assembly (RITA). It was agreed then that:
*  The Rastafari International Divine Order of the Nyah Binghi should be the responsible source to provide spiritual guidance regarding Rastafari Religious Foundation and Livitical Authority.
*  The Administration of the Rastafari community should be handled at two distinct levels ; Rastafari International Secretariat and a Rastafari Theocracy Government (functional).

Why do so many who have gained Babylon education, instead of making meaningful itributions to Rastafari sustainable development, prefer to work for Babylon and foolishly try to beat up on the Nyah Binghi priesthood and Council of Ancients? It won’t work in this time. It is your duty to give a strength and not to tear apart. What a judgment!!

Jah Rastafari calls upon the youths because they are strong, technology ready, knowledgeable and resourceful. It is about full time to clear the age hurdle within the Order of the Nyah Binghi. It is discriminatory, and so many willing and able youths are blocked out because of age criteria and inflexible categories to serve at top levels. Yes I hear the Fiyah Bun.

Rastafari youths of ability and good intent should be should be given the opportunity to build capacity with the Ancients and offer their expertise. The youths are aware that they are not Ancients, but to sit among Ancients is very rewarding in this time. Failing to do that, Babylon will surely absorb the youths and weaken the foundation already set by those who have gone before.

lionRELATIONSHIP WITH THE ADMINISTRATIVE COUNCIL
The Nyah Binghi Royal Creed of  ‘Let the hungry be fed, the naked clothed, the sick nourished, the infants cared for, and the aged protected’ cannot be fulfilled with mere words. Some will say “It takes cash to care”, therefore InI give thanks for “Word sound power collective” WSPC and their livication to Ancients needs, and to “Iniversal Development of Rastafari” IDOR who have done the same. There are also many individuals outside of these two organizations who have given financial support or otherwise to Ancients over the many years. I salute you all.

Now the Administrative Council of the Theocratic Reign Order of the Nyah Binghi (Jamaica), although not listed within the Nyah Binghi guide lines, was given the secular duties of the Council of Ancients. Over a period of time the relationship with the Administrative and Ancient Council became unstable, due to the lack of transparency in critical areas of administration such as proving financial reports, information on business transactions and Minutes of meetings.

The Administrative Council seems to forget that the Ancients are the custodians of the livity and traditions of the Rastafari movement, thus they as students should be mindful in addition to their modern education.
“We should be aware, more than ever before, not to allow discord amongst us. We must close ranks and discharge our obligation in harmony and unity of vision and purpose.”-Utterance of Q’damawi Haile Selassie.HIM1

In the desperation of those who should have known better, the internal affairs of the Council of Ancients have spilled out on the Jamaican radio waves and cyberspace. A very unpleasant choice of words was used by many edgy people to describe the Ancients and certain individuals. As a result of this the Council of Ancients sat and made their declaration to seal the matter with apology to none.

What is hidden in the dark must come to light; know that all secret plots must be revealed. The Administrative Council had their set agenda. In a plot to overrule the Council of Ancients’ decisions and to force High Priest George Ions and others into early retirement, the Administrative Council called for a vote of no confidence of those accused during the Sunday reasoning of the 82nd Coronation anniversary at the Pitfour Nyah Binghi Center.
It is definitely not constitutional for the Administrative Council to rule on the Priesthood. That is the duty of the seven Ilected Priests and the Council of Ancients, thus they overstepped their authority by doing so.

NYABINGHI STAMP & SEAL
Concerning the Nyah Binghi Stamp and Seal, it is in the safe keeping of Sizzla Kalonji, the Treasurer of the Ancient Council, until the office building at Scotts Pass is completed. This decision caused a lot of huff and puff to blow the house down, but it did not happen.
As a result of this discord, two choices were presented by the Administrative Council at 2nd November 2012 Binghi at Granville Pit Four, which were: (1) return the Stamp and Seal by any means necessary or (2) replace the Stamp and Seal and declare the new one to the Global Rastafari family. So why, when this mandate was given to the Administrative Council they made a “Press Release” exposing their bitterness and discrediting the Ancient Priest and others among him?  Is that following protocol, when the Administrative Council defies the instructions of those who support them and now continues on their own personal rampage? Can the Council of Ancients now have the Administrative Council in trust to manage their affairs, I now ask?

TODAY IS DIFFERENT FROM YESTERDAY
In all what InI set out to accomplish “We must also remember the reality of today is different from the realities of yesterday .We must understand we cannot turn the clock backwards. In this world of today we must strive to what we set for ourselves to achieve””-Utterance of Q’damawi Haile Selassie.

So touch not the Lord anointed and do his prophets no harm. Many will rise up against the Council of Ancients, but truths and rights will prevail and morality will lead the way.
Thanks giving and blessings

Ras Flako Tafari (Chair, Rastafari Think Tank)

Rastafari report from Chile – 85th Coronation Celebration Unity Gathering

Rastafari report from Chile – 85th Coronation Celebration Unity Gathering

Courtesy of  http://rastaites.com/rastafari-report-chile-85th-coronation-celebration-unity-gathering/

Rastafari report from Chile – 85th Coronation Celebration Unity Gathering

“Give thanks for the glory of the word sounds of H.I.M Emperor Haile Selassie I on Unity and Brotherhood depicted above. Whereas, the foundation of this report is based on. Upon reviewing and reflecting on this report by the reader(s); keep in mind that the Rastafari Movement has spread across the world. Which all race, creeds and ancient traditions have embraced His/Her Majesties; as the shining light and keeper of the ancient living kulture, tradition and righteous force of this world. The images of this report reflects the above noted word sounds from the excerpt of H.I.M and the reporters.

Within the images herein, ones in the images are from the original indigenous people of Chile, Europe and Africa as follows: Indigenous tribes – Alacalufes, Atacamenos, Aymaras, Incas, Mapuches and Onas. European a – British, Italian, German, Spaniards, etc. Africa – ones from the Motherland. More importantly, the Rastafari Community in Chile is engaged in a proactive manner with the Pan African people and organizations in the region. They have established collaborative relationship to keep alive the African identity, culture and tradition, and its contribution to the development of not just Chile but of South America historically. Which for the call for an international Rastafari summit, a Pan African encounter/forum is being constructed. This report is a continuation of the works of Rastafari peoples working towards the word sounds of H.I.M to Centralize and Organize.”

Welcome to Knysna, South Africa’s Largest Rastafarian Community

Welcome to Knysna, South Africa’s Largest Rastafarian Community

Updated: 14 June 2017

In the heart of the Garden Route, just outside of Knysna, you’ll find a bustling and sustainable Rastafarian community. Members are committed to conserving the surrounding area and living an overall better way of life, while staying true to their Rastafarian ideals.
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History of Judah Square

Judah Square was established in 1993 in Knysna’s Khayalethu Township and is the largest working Rastafarian community in South Africa.

After being granted title deeds to the land, the community established Judah Square into a formal settlement which houses a variety of different organisations, within the Rastafarian belief system.

After the initial establishment of Judah Square, the Rastafari formed House of Judah (HOJ), a co-op that’s involved with different community projects as well as the Knysna Municipality, SANParks, Cape Nature and more.

Rastafari men in Judah Square

From youth programmes to fundraising through arts and crafts, everyone in the community works together to foster a peaceful lifestyle | Courtesy of Judah Square

Running a sustainable community

Each community member pays an annual membership fee of R50-R100 (£2.90-£5.80) and a further R1 (£0.06) a day. These contributions are used for the upkeep and general maintenance of the community.

There are also monthly meetings where members can express any concerns or ideas they might have to benefit the community. As far as community interaction goes, morning prayers – held in the tabernacle by The Nyabinghi Order – can be heard from far away and on the first Saturday of each month a large church service is held, welcoming Rastafaris from all over.

When members of the community relocate from Judah Square, their property has to be sold while ensuring the community stays true to its cultural ethics. The decision, therefore, is completely up to the HOJ council. First, an existing member can choose to buy the property; only once it’s established that no members are interested will an outsider Rastafarian be considered. The council also has to agree on any new members who wish to join the community.

House of Judah

An on-going project by HOJ involves cleaning the Khayalethu River and building an information centre | Courtesy of Judah Square

Celebrating Earth Day

Earth Day is one of the most celebrated events at Judah Square and is open to anyone who wants to attend, whether Rastafari or not. The celebration entails seven days of worship and a further three days of music, food and culture. The event is open to the public and is a fantastic way to experience the Rasta way of life firsthand.

Want to visit?

Tours are the community’s biggest source of income, and can be booked by contacting Brother Zebulon on (+27) 76 649 1034. Visitors are guided through Judah Square while being educated about the Rastafari way of life and can even spend an evening in the local B&B.

Earth Day celebrations

The annual Earth Day celebration is one of the main events at Judah Square | Courtesy of Judah Square

Nyahbinghi of Culture

Nyahbinghi of Culture

Nyahbinghi was associated with violent values ​​and with revolutionary elements. The Nyah were publicly identified by their long hair, the Dreadlocks, and by the sacred but challenging and antisocial use of marijuana. The Nyahbinghi within the current Ras Tafari I movement is a long term which in addition to its original meaning also covers other important aspects of cultural life, including: 1. The Nyahbinghi order, a section within the Ras Tafari I movement in general, also recognizes the Theocratic Government of Haile Selassie I. The members of the first generation Nyah are part of the formation of the Rasta movement.

2. Rituals of worship and worship are sponsored by members of the community. Nyahbinghis ceremonies are regularly celebrated on various dates throughout the island of Jamaica. Annual celebrations include the birthday of Emperor Haile Selassie I (July 23), the date of the coronation of the Emperor (November 2) and the Emperor’s birthday in Jamaica in 1966 (April 21). The Nyahbinghis also perform “Assemblies” or “Congregations” which are considered to be “divine services.” 

3. Music with drums, dance, and palavars are part of the celebration and worship and are also called Nyahbinghi. As part of a resurrection given African beat, the song Nyahbinghi or Heart Beat is tied to the harps of King David,
Nyahbinghi congregations usually last from three to seven days, time for the community to gather and revitalize the Ras Tafari faith through activities such as playing drums, singing prayers, reading Bible passages, smoking marijuana, and dancing. At the center of the Nyahbinghi celebration is the Tabernacle where the ritual takes place. With the colors of the flag of Ethiopia (green gold and red), the Nyahs call Israel their providential destiny. 
– “Africa yes, Jamaica, no!”, “Jah calls the singers and instrument players”, “Repatriation now!”.
The Nyahbinghi Tabernacle is the circular room of the rainbow throne (represented by the colors of the Ethiopian flag), the sacred power of the ground from which emanates the earthquake, light, thunder, fire and sulfur of Armageddon. The “chalice” (chalice, Rasta pipe) passes from hand to hand and back from the altar, ritualistically activating the symbols of heat, air and water, the primary forces of creation. Through Word, Sound and Power (Word, Sound & iwah) faith is united with the Creative Head (Ras Tafari) in a kind of mystical telepathy, which aims to sing the fall of BABYLON to rid the land of wickedness and restore the natural order of Creation and its original state of perfection.

Published by the
Issembly for Rastafari Iniversal Education (IRIE) June 8, 2001
Winsdom of Rastafari – A Message Before the World Conference Against Racism

Grounation means “the affirmation of life on earth”.

Grounation means “the affirmation of life on earth”.

Courtesy of http://reggaeroots310591.blogspot.com/2011/03/cultura-nyahbinghi.html

Grounation means “the affirmation of life on earth”. For several days, the dreadlocks gather in camps, where they meditate, use the herb, perform nyabinghi songs and praise Jah. In these meetings, children are left free to go wherever they want. If they need anything, the nearest rasta will serve them and help them with the same love with which they would be treated by their natural parents.

The Nyah were publicly identified by their long hair, the Dreadlocks, and by the sacred, but challenging and antisocial use of marijuana (ganja). The Nyahbinghis within the current Ras Tafari I movement is a long term which in addition to its original meaning also covers other important aspects of cultural life, including: The Nyahbinghi Order, a section within the Ras Tafari I movement in general, also recognizes the Government Theocratic of Haile Selassie I. The members of the first generation Nyah are part of the formation of the Rasta movement.

Rituals of worship and worship are sponsored by members of the community. Nyahbinghis ceremonies are regularly celebrated on various dates throughout the island of Jamaica. Annual celebrations include the anniversary of Emperor Haile Selassie I (July 23), the date of the Emperor’s coronation (November 2) and the Emperor’s visit to Jamaica in 1966 (April 21). The Nyahbinghis also hold Assemblies or “Congregations” which are considered as “divine services.” Music with drums, dance and words are part of the celebration and worship and are also called Nyahbinghi. As part of the resurrection given African beat, the Nyahbinghi or Heart Beat music is linked to the harps of King David, used to compose the actual psalms of the Old Testament.

Nyahbinghi congregations usually last from three to seven days, time for the community to gather and revitalize the Ras Tafari faith through activities such as playing drums, singing prayers, reading Bible passages, smoking marijuana, and dancing. At the center of the Nyahbinghi celebration is the Tabernacle where the ritual takes place. With the colors of the Ethiopian flag (gold and red green), the Nyahs call Israel their providential destiny – “Africa, yes! Jamaica, no! “” Jah calls the singers and instrument players, “” Repatriation now! “.

The Nyahbinghi Tabernacle is the circular room of the rainbow throne (represented by the colors of the Ethiopian flag), the sacred power of the ground from which emanates the earthquake, light, thunder, fire and sulfur of Armageddon. The “chalice” (chalice, Rasta pipe) Passes from hand to hand around the altar, ritualistically activating the symbols of heat, air and water, the primary forces of creation. Through the Word, Sound and Power (Word, Sound & Iwah) faith is united with the Creative Head (Ras Tafari) in a kind of mystical telepathy, which has the intention of singing the fall of Babylon, to rid the Earth of perversity and restore the natural order of Creation and its original state of perfection.

Ras Rasafari Ceremonies

Ras Rasafari Ceremonies

http://reggaeroots310591.blogspot.com/2011/03/cultura-nyahbinghi.html

There are two main ones, grounation and nyabinghi. Nyabinghi is music played in rastas meetings, which include the sound of at least three percussion instruments, singing, dancing, spiritual use of ganja and praise to Jah Rastafari.Percussion instruments have a symbolic value for dreadlocks. They symbolize the origins, and in a certain way, Africa itself (next, an elder plays his percussion instrument). Many consider drums to be Jah’s voice.

For a long time, the dreadlocks danced nyabinghi against specific enemies in order to evoke Jah’s strength to destroy them. The dance is now used to celebrate special dates such as the coronation of His Imperial Majesty (November 2), Selassie’s birthday (July 23), the end of slavery (August 1), and the birthday of Marcus Garvey (August 17). Every year in August, the dreadlocks commemorate the visit of Haile Selassie I to Jamaica, held on April 25, 1966. The celebrations begin around the 21st, and are called the Grounation Day.

Grounation means “the affirmation of life on earth”. For several days, the dreadlocks gather in camps, where they meditate, use the herb, perform nyabinghi songs and praise Jah. In these meetings, children are left free to go wherever they want. If they need anything, the nearest rasta will serve them and help them with the same love with which they would be treated by their natural parents.

 

RasTafari Grounation and Nyabinghi Ceremonies

RasTafari grounation and nyabinghi ceremonies.
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Ras Tafari Ceremonies
There are two main ones, grounation and nyabinghi.

Nyabinghi is music played in rastas meetings, which include the sound of at least three percussion instruments, singing, dancing, spiritual use of ganja and praise to Jah Rastafari. Percussion instruments have a symbolic value for dreadlocks. They symbolize the origins, and in a certain way, Africa itself (next, an elder plays his percussion instrument). Many consider drums to be Jah’s voice.

For a long time, the dreadlocks danced nyabinghi against specific enemies in order to evoke Jah’s strength to destroy them. The dance is now used to celebrate special dates such as the coronation of His Imperial Majesty (November 2), Selassie’s birthday (July 23), the end of slavery (August 1), and the birthday of Marcus Garvey (August 17).

Every year in August, the dreadlocks commemorate the visit of Haile Selassie I to Jamaica, held on April 25, 1966. The celebrations begin around the 21st, and are called the Grounation Day.

Grounation means “the affirmation of life on earth”. For several days, the dreadlocks gather in camps, where they meditate, use the herb, perform nyabinghi songs and praise Jah. In these meetings, children are left free to go wherever they want. If they need anything, the nearest rasta will serve them and help them with the same love with which they would be treated by their natural parents.
Ganja for the Rastas.

Ganja, marijuana, cannabis is an ancient medicinal herb used by the Rastas, not for fun or pleasure, but for cleansing and purification in controlled rituals. Some Rastas choose not to use it. Many hold their use through Genesis 1:29: “And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb yielding seed, which is upon the face of all the earth: and every tree in which there is fruit yielding it shall be to you for food. ”

The “Flaming Goblet” is also a symbol of “Unitarian Universalism.”
They see Canabis as having the ability to allow the user to penetrate into the real truth of how things are with absolute clarity. For this reason is that Rastafari met to smoke Cannabis and discuss the truth with each other, rationalizing everything in us details that last for many sections.

In this way Rastafari believes that Canabis brings its user close to Jah.
The use of Canabis and particularly in large pipes called “Chalices” is an integral part of the cult that the Rastafari calls “Section of Arrangement”.

Rastafari guarantees that Canabis is the “Tree of Life” mentioned in the Bible.

It is not known since when Rastafari first used Canabis as a religious sacrament, but of course since the early forties the Rastafari was known as a cult of the Canabis use of the Leonard Howell Pinacle Community.

RAS TAFARI and ETHIOPIAN PROPHECY
Ras Tafari is a pan-African movement with presentations and messianic, which originated in the awakening of a prophetic revelation made by Marcus Garvey in Jamaica. Since its inception in the 1930s, the movement has grown from a small town in West Kingston to an international black repatriation movement.

Throughout the first three decades of its development, the movement was banished from Jamaican society. Periodic confrontations with British colonial authorities marked the Rastas in their revolutionary intentions, both culturally and spiritually. The mid-1960s brought a period of transition in social understanding in relation to Rasta and its way of living.

After the publication in 1960 of the “Report on the Ras Tafari I Movement in Kingston (capital of Jamaica)” conveyed by the local university, subsequent events and a climate of positivism became publicly notorious. This shift in public perception served to legitimize the broad vision of the meaning of Life that the Rastas so much proposed as a cultural responsibility to the legacy of slavery and colonialism in Jamaica.
During this transition period in the 1960s, a large number of discontented and middle-class youths joined the miserable ones who lived in the favelas, and from there formed the mainstay of the Ras Tafari I movement.

This accelerated growth was accompanied by the popularization of Rasta doctrine through mass communication and also artistically. the rhythms of Ska, rocksteady and reggae music disseminated in the 1960s and 1970s the values ​​and feelings of the Dreadlocks (one of the terms used to identify a Rastas) as an alternative appeal after the epoch of post-colonialism.

THE ISRAELITES
As a culture / philosophy, Ras Tafari I is a form of Black Zionism that follows the Bible reading (in the Ethiopian version Kebra Negasta – “Glory of the Kings”, different from the European King James version) as the millennial creed of African redemption. Identify themselves as the Old Testament Israelites, Providing a sequence of mythical-poetic interpretations of the History of the Black Diaspora. Captured and sold into slavery by Europeans, the Rastas see Africans and their descendants in the West as living in modern Babylon, the white, oppressive society that has meant more than 400 years of persecution and colonialism.

The unofficial emancipation for slavery in the sugar plantations in Jamaica came in 1834, but Jamaican Jamaican political independence from Britain was secured only in 1962, after 97 years as a colony. About 95% of Jamaica’s population is of African descent, which has led to a consciousness within the Ras Tafari I movement to consider themselves “strangers in a strange land”, referring to Jamaica itself.

THE PROMISED LAND
In the Rasta language of redemption, the only salvation for the black of the West is to repatriate to their ancestral home: Ethiopia – Africa. While opinions within the movement differ as precisely repatriation will occur and its nature, spiritual or physical, Ras Tafari I recognizes that this will be imminent and will signal the complete reversal of the power structure in force in the world.

Unlike other Pan-African cultural formations ; for example, Santeira in Cuba, Vudu in Haiti, Candomblé in Brazil and Xangô in Trinidad, Ras Tafari I is a phenomenon of the 20th century without a cultural background in the West or an inheritance of Central African culture.
Rasta rituals maintain a continuity in African identity and associated traditions such as example of dance rituals and drums, healing practices and belief in the magical power of words – word, sound & power.

Images of Ethiopian royalty, events and characters from the Old Testament, a ritualistic way of speaking and the use of long hair, called Dread Locks, have been adopted and transformed into Rasta symbols and traditions. In the context of Diaspora, this tradition is best understood as a response to the ideology of the dominant race.

This ethnicity refers to the self – awareness of culture in order to disseminate a new message, along with its symbology and religiosity. Ethiopianism heralded a new phase in Jamaican rituals, where the Rastas identified themselves as “children,” both in the spiritual and genealogical sense, and in keeping with the kinship of the ancient Israelites who followed Moses across the Red Sea centuries ago.
The Biblical chronicles of “Exile” and “Return to the Promised Land” served as a mythical document for the arrest of slaves in the New World, and their longing to bring redemption out of slavery. The use of old materials for the creation of a new prophetic structure caused the image of Ethiopia-Israel to appear as a black nation. It is part of the Rasta tradition, to set an example, to sing and to thank “Holy Mount Zion” which is recognized by faith as the home of Jah Ras Tafari I. This process served to crystallize African sovereignty and legitimacy in a unique religious-political appearance.

“OLHEM PRA AFRICA”
Through Bible references to Ethiopia, for example in Psalm 68:31, “Ethiopia shall soon stretch out His hands unto God,” and in Acts 8:27, “people of African descent learn to recognize their lost country and the inheritance in the land Ethiopia and Ethiopians. ” Thus the Rastas began to treat all the Ethiopian references in the bible with affection, for there was the liberating promise, which, when contrasted with the indignity of slavery in the plantations, showed the Negro in a human and dignified light.

It is at the base of classical Ethiopianism that the Association of Black Universal Progress and the “Back-to-Africa” ​​movement led by Marcus Garvey is well known. The philosophy of racial nationalism, proposed by Garvey, was an ethnic concept, marrying Ethiopia and racial consciousness derived from Pan-African nationalism. “Through racial consciousness, members of a race are present and aspiring for the future.”

A racially conscious group is more than a mere aggregation of distinctly zoologically distinct individuals from other ethnic groups. It is a social struggle united with the direction of personal and group fulfillment in order to achieve a quality of life of its own. Therefore, it is a conflicting group and racial consciousness is itself a result of the conflict. “The race of a group though not intrinsically significant, becomes a symbol of identity that serves to intensify the sense of solidarity.”

For Garvey to be black meant to be African, “at home or abroad,” and racial identity stipulated national rights. Under the title “Africa for Africans,” Garvey re-launched the Ethiopian tradition into a political program for the liberation of blacks. Garvey’s view of ‘African redemption’ was and remains radical in the sense that, for the first time in history, black people were universally recognized as Africans in the context of a mass movement with international popularity.

What is unique to the Rastas of Jamaica in the African emancipatory tradition is its direct identification with the Theocratic State of Ethiopia under the “eternal” rule of Emperor Haile Selassie I, entitled Jah Ras Tafari I. Modeling as the reincarnation of the ancients Israelites, the Rastas use the biblical past of Jewish theocracy to form their ethnicity as a family, a nation.

The most remarkable prophetic phrase attributed to Marcus Massiah Garvey states, “Look at Africa! When a King is crowned, the day of redemption will be in the hands. ” The coronation on 2 November 1930 of the Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia, formally entitled Ras Tafari I was interpreted as the confirmation of the prophecy.

Ras means “head, prince” in Aramaic and Tafari, “Fearless.”
It was also translated by the pioneers of the Rasta movement to mean “Creator.” Haile Selassie I, the descendant of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, received the sacred titles written in the bible that were reserved for the advent of the Second Coming: King of kings, Lord of lords and Lion conqueror of the Tribe of Judah.

THE POWER OF TRINITY

In the faith of the Rastas, Haile Selassie is revered as Jah Ras Tafari I, the Messiah, the Black Christ who ascended to the Throne of King David in Adis Ababa, officiating the promise of a new spiritual order. As a defender of the Throne against Mussolini’s fascist attack in 1935 as one of the chief architects of Pan-African nationalism through the founding of the OAU in Addis Ababa in 1963 and later as monarch – ambassador to the oldest independent state in Africa, Ethiopia, Emperor Selassie achieved respect for countless blacks and was recognized as the defender of African union and freedom.
Haile Selassie is a sacred name, which translated means “Power of the Trinity”. In all ancient religions lies the same analogy to God’s First Law, action-reaction-balance. In Christianity this same formula is recognized in the Father – Son – Holy Spirit; in Hinduism, vishnu- krishna-brahma. However, what authenticated the true strength of Ras Tafari was the personification of the First Law in one person, Haile Selassie I.

THE BEGINNING IN KINGSTON

Even before the outbreak of the Italo-Ethiopian war in 1935, a photograph of Haile Selassie I in a warrior vest in Amhara circled the favelas of Kingston along with an article in the Times newspaper on December 7. According to the report, originally attributed to an Italian fascist propaganda agent, Emperor Selassie was the mentor of the Nyahbinghi Order. This order was internationally recognized as a secret African society dedicated to overthrowing white and colonial domination. The name Nyahbinghi meant “death to Europeans”.

In Jamaica, the first adherents of the Ras Tafari I faith made this article almost like a call and sought to align spiritually with the Emperor Selassie, effectively participating in the Nyahbinghi Order. The word Nyahbinghi was quickly adapted to the Rasta vocabulary as a racial protest, and came to mean ‘death to the black and white oppressors’.

Many Rasta communities began to identify as Nyahs, and in the sleaze of West Kingston, a militancy of the new movement began to develop. In 1960, the University of West Indies sponsored a report on the Ras Tafari I movement and its relationship with Jamaican society in general. This report was the result of a request from part of the Rasta community that complained of police persecution and public misinformation. Until then Jamaica, contrary to what many people think, the majority was (and still is) Christian, whereas the Rastas were seen without any social status, because most of them lived in poor conditions.

THE NYAHBINGHI CULTURE
In the report, Nyahbinghi was associated with violent values ​​and with revolutionary elements. The Nyah were publicly identified by their long hair, the Dreadlocks, and by the sacred, but challenging and antisocial use of marijuana (ganja). The Nyahbinghis within the current Ras Tafari I movement is a long term which in addition to its original meaning also covers other important aspects of cultural life including:
The Nyahbinghi Order, a section within the Ras Tafari I movement in general, also recognizes the Theocratic Government of Haile Selassie I. The members of the first generation Nyah are part of the formation of the Rasta movement .
Rituals of worship and worship are sponsored by members of the community. Nyahbinghis ceremonies are regularly celebrated on various dates throughout the island of Jamaica. Annual celebrations include the anniversary of Emperor Haile Selassie I (July 23), the date of the Emperor’s coronation (November 2) and the Emperor’s visit to Jamaica in 1966 (April 21). The Nyahbinghis also hold Assemblies or “Congregations” which are considered as “divine services”

The music with the drums, the dance and the words are part of the celebration and the cult and also are denominated of Nyahbinghi. As part of the resurrection given African beat, the Nyahbinghi or Heart Beat music is linked to the harps of King David, used to compose the actual psalms of the Old Testament.

Nyahbinghi congregations usually last from three to seven days, time for the community to gather and revitalize the Ras Tafari faith through activities such as playing drums, singing prayers, reading Bible passages, smoking marijuana, and dancing. At the center of the Nyahbinghi celebration is the Tabernacle where the ritual takes place. With the colors of the Ethiopian flag (gold and red green), the Nyahs call Israel their providential destiny – “Africa, yes! Jamaica, no! “” Jah calls the singers and instrument players, “” Repatriation now! “.

The Nyahbinghi Tabernacle is the circular room of the rainbow throne (represented by the colors of the Ethiopian flag), the sacred power of the ground from which emanates the earthquake, light, thunder, fire and sulfur of Armageddon. The “chalice” (chalice, Rasta pipe) Passes from hand to hand around the altar, ritualistically activating the symbols of heat, air and water, the primary forces of creation. Through the Word, Sound and Power (Word, Sound & Iwah) faith is united with the Creative Head (Ras Tafari) in a kind of mystical telepathy, which has the intention of singing the fall of Babylon, to rid the Earth of perversity and restore the natural order of Creation and its original state of perfection. Outside the Tabernacle stands a large fire where a man of fire remains awake to keep the flames of justice and judgment burning until the time of repatriation arrives.

“THE MUSIC OF THE HEART”
According to a common account of an observer of the movement in 1953 there was a marked lack in the beat of the barrels in the first Rastas street encounters. In these encounters, revival hymns of Afro-Christian cults known as pocomania and Sion were adapted for the development of the Jesus Christ liturgy in all song texts. Hymns Garveyists and even the Ethiopian National Anthem Nyahbinghi were sung. At that time the antagonism between the Rasta groups and the Revivalists grew, buru was at that time the Rastafari music, inspiring their drums. Buru was at that time the most popular song derived from the African secularity in Kingston. Despite the clear derivation of the Nyahbinghi beat, base, background and marker of the three Burus drums, the two traditions have distinct basal rhythms. However, both styles have a direct historical background in the musical tradition of western and central Africa. Both have a rhythmic arrangement based on the interleaving of beats played on multiple drums.

Nyahbinghi music is a companion taken from the African past, but the distance is musically evident even by the improvised touches of the leader and marker. The hit Nyahbinghi, with messages from Black Redemption, have been incorporated into reggae. These popular liberation connotations are heard today from the street sound systems of Kingston to the Shebeen of Soweto in South Africa.

I & I – I MIGHTY
The “Rasta talk” the ritual form of speaking, practiced to varying degrees in the movement, is especially prominent among adherents of the Nyahbinghi Order. Considering the messianic and also millennial movement Ras Tafari I fit in the discrimination “anti society”, “a society established within another society” as a conscious alternative. It is a mode of resistance to the market still “slave” of the modern Babylon. Ras Tafari’s speech as an “anti-language is not only parallel to society, it is actually generated by it.” The anti-language grows when the alternative reality is a contradicted reality, established in opposition to subjective reality, not merely expressing it, more actively creating and maintaining this other form of expression, which is nothing more than a collective action.

“I and I” is used wherever a pronoun appears in the speech; replaces ‘you and me’. The oblique use of the pronoun expresses the presumed equality among the Rastas. “I and I” means the common identity of the speakers as children of Haile Selassie I. The names given by the Rastas exemplify the association of man and God. The enunciation of “I” when pronounced “Jah Ras Tafari I” or “Haile I Selassie” connects personal intention with the divine vibration.

“Who are you ? there is no you. There is only I, I and I. I am you, I am God, God is I. God is you but there is no you, because you are I, then I and I are God. We are all each and one with God because it is the same energy of Life that flows in all of us. ”

In addition, the language (I – ance, parlance) Ras Tafari I involves the remodeling and hiding of lexical items to find their need. A common technique is to connote a symbol, to increase the meaning of the word; for example, by transforming “oppressors” into “depressors” (opressers = downpressers), “politicians” into “politicians”, “understanding” into “understand = overstand.”

The use of a few words by the Rastas who lived in the hills of Jamaica gave meaning to their view of the urban; for example “city” = “shity” (shit) or also to designate the social model – “system” = “shitstem”, “situation” = “shituation” shit situation). When the lack of culture, education – “education” = “head-decay-shun” (head-decay-away) and especially the valorization of historical European characters linked to the Catholic Church and making black slave trade – “Christopher Columbus” – “Christ-Come-To-Rob-Us” (Christ came to rob us) made thousands of words would emerge in the vocabulary called Patois.

This vast vocabulary is intended to define the world in which Rasta lives, both the economic, religious and political system as well as the spiritual aspiration. All words that have the pronoun “I” refer exclusively to the values ​​or rituals that the Rastas gave importance to; for example, “I-shence” = “icense (incense),
(marijuana) “I-ses” = “praises” (prayers), “Iration” = “Creation”, “Ithiopia” = “Ethiopia” (Ethiopia). “I-wah” = “power” (power) “I-tes” = “thoughts” (thoughts).

The understanding of African redemption is similarly connoted by the concept of “I”. “For I” or “Far Eye” used in Rastafari I are terms for naming the mystical vision. The visionary experience is internal, part by the process of conversation, and lately by the visionary notion that rendering is equal to repatriation; the vision of Africa agrees with the expectation of salvation.

GAMES AND DREADS

Ideological justifications for the ganja consumption ritual (marijuana) are common among the Rastas. The religious use of the herb is made by the process of planting, harvesting and consumption. The Rastas believe in the power of marijuana, through the opening of a telepathic channel that increases the perception of reality. They also say in the right to smoke because the Bible brings passages indicating the consume of the herb to put some of the prophets in the Old Testament. “Traces of marijuana were found in the tomb of King Solomon, and of a species far more powerful than that found today.”
Jamaica is one of the largest producers of ganja in the world and also the cheapest. It is still illegal to consume the herb; For this reason, many Rastas were killed and persecuted for the whole island. The highest quality plants found in Jamaica are Lambsbread and Sinsemila.
The Dreadlock, distinctly disheveled and with beard and long hair is another presentation of the Rastas’ cultural identity. Many Jamaicans inclusive often consider the sloppy appearance of the Dreads as an indication of lack of cleanliness standards. They incorrectly say that Rastas never wash their hair.

Those with dreadlocks are stigmatized as crazy by Jamaican society in general. Rastas are also known as “Knotty Dread” (Bearded Dread) or in the language they often use- “Natty Dread”. They are rejected to jobs basically put their appearances. In colonial and post – colonial Jamaican society, the police on many occasions cut the hair of the dreadlocks as an act of public rejection and social control over the movement.

The Rastas believe in the mystical power of the Dreadlocks are understood according to the biblical interpretation as the “vow of the Nazarenes,” and also as proof that they are the “chosen” during this time of judgment. Finally, they ground the growth of the dreads as a natural, man-made state sanctioned by God. “The gleam of dreads is the gleam of black light, an act done to call forth the forces of Judgment to make the perverse heart fall out of Creation, to destroy and paralyze all depressors.” Among other arguments presented by the Rastas in relation to dreadlock, the best known is that the beard and long hair represent the lion’s mane, symbol of the Rasta philosophy.

THE BOOK OF LIFE
Among the Rastas is very common the interpretation of the biblical passages. The biblical version of King James of England is regarded as containing only half of the “Book of Life.” Rastas themselves often remember that “the other half was never told”. The Rastas use the Maccabean version of Ethiopian origin, considered the integral book of Revelation. Among revelations lies the secret and meaning of the Seven Seals of King Solomon.
“And I cried so much that no man was worthy to open the book or to loose the Seven Seals. And one of the elders said, “Do not weep, behold the Lion of the tribe of Judah. ​​The root of David was able to open the Book and release the Seven Seals, and I beheld, and in the midst of the throne, among the elders, a lamb was slain put seven horns, seven eyes, and seven spirits of eternal Jehovah, sent forth to put all the earth, and He came and took the book in the right hand of His Majesty Jah Ras Tafari I who is seated on the Throne. And the seventh seal was released. The Seventh Seal is known as Haile Selassie I, the First of Ethiopia. ”

HIS
The meaning of Haile Selassie I in relation to the Seven Seals was revealed to a leader of a Rasta community in a Vision. In making his vision public, he proclaimed himself in a position of prophetic leadership to put his ability to interpret the meaning of the revealed sign.

THE “ELDERS” ANCIENTS
Unlike the Ethiopian Orthodox Church of the Twelve Tribes of Israel and the Community of Prince Emmanuel (all of these Rastas congregations), the Nyahbinghi Order has not a single permanent and central place for its celebrations, and does not even take care of the figure of a single leader. In fact, the Nyahbinghi themselves claim that each individual is a temple in itself, and thus disdain those who emphasize the use of constructions as essential for communal celebrations.

The Nyahbinghi Order does not have a formal organizational corporation with appointed or elected members, where decisions are made by its associates. Emperor Haile SelassieI is recognized as the “head” of the Nyahbinghi Order. His undisputed spiritual authority serves as an effective barrier to the formation of an elitist regulatory council. The elders, the elders, are part of the operational leadership of the Nyahbinghi, based largely on charisma. The recognition of social and spiritual abilities along with the time of commitment to movement determines a Rasta to be an “elder”. Those who are competent in conducting a celebration and have the knowledge of the Rastafari tradition emerges as a leader within their congregation.

REGGAE
By the end of the 1960s, many Rastas had become, in conditions of extreme poverty, economically banished from the capitalist system. For the most part, the Rastas seek to maintain themselves financially through art, especially handicrafts. The Rastas’ ability to carve pieces of African motif is well recognized; such as masks, statues and biblical symbols.

But where the Rasta culture best spread was in music, with Reggae. The origin of Reggae is Ska, an accelerated rhythm with metal instruments from the American black music of the 50s and 60s. From the mid to late 1960s Ska slowed down, giving rise to Rocksteady. The metals ceased to be the instruments that marked the music, and in their places was inserted the African percussion with the beat of the guitar in a Rock style. This rhythm from the beginning of the 70’s started to be slower still and with another name, now Reggae. Most famous singers and bands in Jamaica went through these three styles of rhythm, including the Wailers, a group formed in its early days by Bob Marley, Peter Tosh and Bunny Wailer (considered musical prophets by Rastas).

The Jamaican phonographic industry made an incredible breakthrough in the 1960s and 1970s, just because several bands and singers, all Rastas, appeared on the music scene. Reggae is considered by Rasta itself to be the music of Jah (God), first by having the same heartbeat and then by messages, with mainly religious lyrics and racial and political protest.

“Rivers of babylon”
The Melodians
Adapted from Psalm 137: 1
By the rivers of Babylon,
Where we sat down,
And there we wept
When we remembered Zion
Through the rivers of Babylon,
Where we sit,
And there we cry
When we remember Zion
Oh, the wicked
Carried us away in captivity,
Required from us to song,
How can we sing
King Alpha’s song
Inna strange land?
O the mighty
It took us prisoners,
He demanded a song from us.
How can we sing
The King Alfa song
In a strange land?
So, let the words
Of our mouth and the meditation
Of our heart
Be acceptable in Thy sight
So let the words
From our mouth
And meditation
From our heart
Be acceptable in Your vision
Oh, Fari I!

My God!

The Nyahbinghi Order

The Nyahbinghi Order

Courtsey of http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/rastafari/subdivisions/nyahbinghi.shtml

  • Nyahbinghi is the oldest of all the Rastafarian subgroups.
  • Nyahbinghi attempts to keep the link between Rastafarian faith and African heritage close.
  • The group is named after Queen Nyahbinghi who ruled Uganda in the 19th Century and helped reduce the influence of colonial powers.
  • The name Nyahbinghi is believed to mean ‘Death to all Oppressors’.
  • The focus of this group is on the veneration of Haile Selassie, who is regarded by them as the embodiment of God.
  • Ethiopia is very important to the sect, which emphasises the repatriation of blacks to Africa.
  • The Nyahbinghi regard water, air and fire as representations of the elements of life. Fire is believed to represent the wrath of Jah pouring down on Babylon.
  • Nyahbinghi eat organic produce only, such as vegetables, fruits, herbs and barks, and avoid the consumption of salt.
  • Nyahbinghi take part in regular Groundations, often called Nyahbinghi Groundations. The word ‘groundation’ means affirmation of life through earth.
  • The importance of Ethiopia to Nyahbinghi:
    • The flag tends to have the colour green first. The Nyahbinghi flag also features a lion in the centre, reflecting the Lion of Judah – Haile Selassie I.
    • Nyahbinghi observe the Ethiopian Sabbath, Tuesday.
    • Nyahbinghi try to use the Ethiopian language, Amharic.